Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Dynamic Warm Ups

I am a huge advocate for dynamic/functional warm ups. What is a dynamic warmup you ask? Well in layman terms dynamic training is exercise that stimulates real life body movements and positions. Usually mimicking the exercises that will be performed in the main part of the workout. The movements are usually done against light to moderate resistance in order to improve upon functional strength, mobility, stability, balance and coordination. Dynamic warm up uses exercises that exaggerate our ability to stay balanced while moving or slightly resisting. This can be done by unilateral exercises (with one leg or one arm, unstable surfaces or even by closing eyes.

I feel that this warm up is beneficial because it can help you be fit to perform daily tasks on top of being able to perform sports with greater ease.

I believe that a dynamic warm up is better than a static one because with static stretching you lengthen the elasticity of the muscle. In doing so you decrease its ability to rebound as well and limit its ability to perform maximum strength output during the work out.

I usually start my dynamic warm up for clients with 5 minutes of a full body cardio machine if we are doing a full body workout, if we are doing a lower body I usually do cycling or running. If its Upper body I usually do rowing.

This is followed by different series of dynamic exercises. (REMEMBER EACH ATHLETE AND CLIENT IS DIFFERENT so the dynamic exercises should be sport specific and specific towards them as an individual!)

The following are some examples of a few different dynamic Circuits I have used. You can combined as many series as you want, and do them in any order you would like. Remember this isn't the full workout, just part of the warm up. And some of the series are geared towards track and field runners. As I am a former athlete and a track coach. So I end up training a lot of athletes.

Series 1(20m)
Alt Arm Rotations Fwd
Alt Arm Rotations Backward
Alt Arm Rotations Fwd Acute
Alt Arm Rotations Backward Acute
Double Arm Rotations Fwd
Double Arm Rotations Backward
Double Arm Rotations Fwd Acute
Double Arm Rotations Backward Acute
Chest Flies Straight Arm
Chest Flies Acute Arm

Series 2 (10 Reps)
Wrist Circles
Trunk Twists
Hip Circles
Knee Circles
Ankle Circles
Sky Divers

Series 3 (10 Reps)
Scissors (Frontal & Sagittal)
Donkey Kicks
Trail Leg Against Wall
Lead Leg Plows
Fire Hydrants
Iron Cross

Series 4 (10 reps)
Hurdle Cross Over
Wall Attack
Inverted Bicycle
Hurdle Seat Change
Trail Leg
Lead Leg
Lead Leg/Trail Leg
Lunge Exchange

Series 5 (10 reps/20m)
Ground Sweep
Lunge Walk
Hamstring Jog/Stretch
Dynamic Hamstring Walk

Series 6(20m)
Same hand/leg(inside heel/outside)
Heel/Toe Walks (In/Out/straight)
Knee-Chest/Heel Butt

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